Thursday, 25 December 2008

Seasons Greetings to all readers

... more posts in the New Year.

Sunday, 21 December 2008

New features on SCOPUS

SCOPUS has a new feature that allows you to display the results from a Saved Search on your own website/blog, in the jargon an HTML feed. This clever tool helps you to keep up to date with recent publications on a specific topic, by an author, group of authors or publications from an institution. Displaying the results on your blog or website means that you can share results easily with colleagues or promote publication activity. Each record has a link directly back to SCOPUS to display full information.

The Tool does have some Advanced Features but just using the basic output - without changing any of the settings - produces a very usable output.

The service is available from There is a simple demo that takes you through step by step and a printable .pdf guide. The product information page has more information with links to examples of the Tool in action from around the world.

Bournemouth University has a subscription to SCOPUS, but you have to register individually (email address and create a password) with SCOPUS Tools to be able to set up a feed. If you access SCOPUS from outside the University you will be asked for your ATHENS account.

This feature - diplayed on this blog - shows the most recent 10 articles/conference papers added to SCOPUS from academics working at Bournemouth University.

Friday, 19 December 2008

ticTOCs - New Table of Contents service

ticTOCs is a new Table of Contents service that aggregates data from journal publishers RSS feeds, currently over 11,000 titles from 400 plus publishers. It's free to register and use. If you are not familiar with RSS you can just use the ticTOCs interface to manage your subscriptions to individual titles. Search for the titles you want to monitor and add them to your personal list. Just login to check for updates.

If you use an RSS reader, for example Google Reader or Bloglines, you can add titles to your reader account using the ticTOCs service. ticTOCs can also export groups of titles to an RSS reader using an OPML (Outline Processor Markup Language) file.

Added functionality is promised in later upgrades, for example the ability to export records to EndNote. Currently the only bibliographic software supported is RefWorks.

ticTOCs provides a useful alternative to ZETOC (although not as comprehensive) or you can use it to search for RSS feeds to your favourite journals and add them to an existing RSS reader.

ticTOCs is funded under the JISC Users and Innovations programme and developed by a consortium lead by Liverpool University.


ticTOCs home page
ticTOCs blog
ticTOCs Project Home Page

Wednesday, 17 December 2008

RAE 2008 results out today

The RAE 2008 results are published today, 18 December 2008. You can find an explanation of the RAE marking scheme here. The results are available on the RAE home page. Bournemouth University's results can be found here. For comment visit the Guardian Education website or the Times Higher Education which has a special issue on RAE 2008.


The Times Higher ranks Bournemouth =75 overall in their Table of Excellence up from 107 place (2001 RAE). Guardian Education table ranks Bournemouth in 70th place. ResearchResearch ranks Bournemouth in 65th place. The Independent ranks Bournemouth 65th.

The Independent and ResearchResearch (Research Fortnight) use a Quality Index for their ranking using the following formula. Quality Index = [ (% in 4* x 16) + (% in 3* x 9) + (% in 2* x 4) + (% in 1* x 1) ] / 16.

Using the example of Bournemouth

Quality Index =

[ (8.08453237410071 x 16) +

(31.2005396 x 9) +

(35.278777 x 4) +

(21.807554 x 1) ] / 16

which calculates out as 573.08 / 16 = 35.8175

The Quality Index is 35.8175 . Have a look at Independent ranking for the bigger picture.

The Times Higher uses an Average Score. This is calculated using the percentage of staff within an institution who receive a 4* grade multiplied by 4, the percentage of staff to receive a 3* multiplied by 3, the percentage of staff to receive a 2* multiplied by 2 and the percentage of staff to receive a 1* multiplied by 1. Those who are U/C are not counted. The results are added together and divided by 100 to give an average score of between 0 and 4. To use Bournemouth as an example: (8 * 4) + (31 * 3) + (35 * 2 ) + (22 * 1) / 100 or 217/100 = 2.17 although the Times Higher actually puts the BU score at 2.18.


Press Release from HEFCE
BBC News item
Exquisite Life ResearchResearch hosted blog


How do I find out the latest news on the Research Assessment Exercise [RAE] or the Research Excellence Framework [REF], where can I find information on research funding, where do I look to get information on potential funders and sponsors? Bournemouth University has an institutional subscription to ResearchResearch a comprehensive current awareness service for the research community.

ResearchResearch is the world's leading publisher of news and information for the international research community. From their offices in London, Brussels, Washington, Amsterdam and Sydney their editorial team provides unrivalled expertise and in-depth news coverage of research policy and politics, and comprehensive listings of funding opportunities and sponsors across all disciplines. (ResearchResearch website).

ResearchResearch provides information in three interlinked databases:

  • Funding Opportunities

  • Sponsors

  • News

Staff can register for a ResearchResearch Personal Account to use ResearchResearch off campus, or ask Centre for Research and Knowledge Transfer (Kelly Deacon-Smith) to set up an account for you. You don't need an account to use ResearchResearch on campus.


Welome page for Bournemouth University Staff.

Sunday, 14 December 2008

BURO - how are we doing?

The offer to input your personal publications list ends on the 18th December 2008. If you would like to take up this offer please e-mail your publication lists to Julie Cheshire. If you have an urgent reason for your publications to appear on BURO please contact Matt Holland, and we will fast track your list.

Currently BURO has over 5000 entries. 1100 entries are in Review awaiting bibliographic checking before being made publically available. There is a backlog of lists which we will catch up with in the New Year (2009). BURO will be the main data collection tool for the University for data for the Research Excellence Framework [REF] pilot. If you don't take up this offer you need to plan to enter your own publications. Contact Matt Holland, if you need advice or training on BURO.


Message on Staff Portal Important news about BURO
Research Excellence Framework

Thursday, 11 December 2008

Conference proceedings and their impact on global research

Thomson Reuters have just published a White Paper on Conference proceedings and their impact on global research, promoting the integration of their Conference Proceedings Citation Index [CPCI] product into Web of Science [WOS]. CPCI has two editions Science and Social Science and Humanities. Bournemouth University only subscribes to the Science edition. The paper points out that it is now possible to analyse citations for conference papers to identify significant papers, and measure the impact of whole conferences. Citation analysis has particular value in fast moving areas of research, computer science, engineering and the physical sciences, where conference proceedings are a key part of the dissemination of new ideas. There are some interesting statistics and specific product information about CPCI.


Previous entry on this topic

Thursday, 4 December 2008

Conference Proceedings in SCOPUS and Web of Science [WOS]

Published conference proceedings are the first time many ideas appear in print, most papers presented at conferences will be developed into papers in scholarly or peer reviewed journals. However, for some areas of research, especially in science and technology, conferences papers are the main form of publication. Conference papers are also going to form part of the data for Research Excellence Framework [REF]. This has put pressure on the two potential partners to support the citation analysis for the REF, SCOPUS and Web of Science [WOS] to include confernce papers in their main products.

SCOPUS includes conference papers as part of the main product offering from over 500 conference proceedings. Searches can be limited by Document Type: conference.

Web of Science [WOS] has incorprated Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Science (CPCI-S) now included in the Bournemouth University subscription. This enables you to do citation searches using conference papers, analyse citations and use the new ciation mapping tool.


Friday, 28 November 2008

BURO Service Outage

BURO will go off line on the 8th December for a brief time for a software upgrade.

Friday, 21 November 2008

Web of Science - Citation Mapping Tool

The web of Science have introduced a beta version of a Citation Mapping Tool. It is available as an option when you view an individual record on the Web of Science database. The tool creates a map of documents cited by an individual article and documents that have cited that article. In the terminology of the tool documents cited are backward and documents that cite the article you are looking at (route document) are forward.

The tool has a number of useful features. You can for example move the icon for the route document around the screen changing the perspective of the map. This has the effect of zooming in or out. The tool also provides for a second generation of citing, so you can view the citations of documents cited by the document you started with (route document).

The visual effect is intriguing but is it useful? Well it adds another dimension to the ways of understanding the relationships between documents and it makes exploring those relationships easier just by manipulating your own perspective on the map using your mouse. Textual information is retained in panes at the base of the screen or can be retrieved from a pop-up menu if you roll the mouse over any node on the map. Added value comes in being able to reorder the nodes by author, date, institution etc., and colour code the nodes to easily identify for example the range of dates in a group of citations.

Screen shots generated from the Citation Mapping Tool are included in the PowerPoint presentation.


Web of Science - requires an ATHENS Account off campus

Saturday, 8 November 2008

Eigenfactor, SCImago, Journal Rankings and the PageRank algorithm

PageRank is a trade mark of Google, and describes the process by which Google ranks pages using hyperlinks to web pages. The same process can be used to rank journals and collections of journals using citations. It helps to understand the basic principles of page ranking to interpret journal ranking tools that use the same principles. There is a very accessible article on Wikipedia about PageRank.

Two substantial websites that rank journals in this way, Eigenfactor using Thomson Scientific's Journal Citation Reports (JCR) data and SCImagio using SCOPUS data.

Eigenfactor generates two measures the Eigenfactor Score and an Article Influence measure. You can search for individual titles and groups of titles by subject category to achieve a ranking of journal titles. Each measure is presented as a graphic representing changes in the value over time.

Eigenfactor Measure. A journal's Eigenfactor score is our measure of the journal's total importance to the scientific community.

With all else equal, a journal's Eigenfactor score doubles when it doubles in size. Thus a very large journal such as the Journal of Biological Chemistry which publishes more than 6,000 articles annually, will have extremely high Eigenfactor scores simply based upon its size.

Eigenfactor scores are scaled so that the sum of the Eigenfactor scores of all journals listed in Thomson's Journal Citation Reports (JCR) is 100. In 2006, the journal Nature has the highest Eigenfactor, with a score of 1.992. The top thousand journals, as ranked by Eigenfactor, all have Eigenfactors above 0.01. ( FAQ)

Article Influence measure. A journal's Article Influence score is a measure of the average influence of each of its articles over the first five years after publication.

Article Influence measures the average influence, per article, of the papers in a journal. As such, it is comparable to Thomson Scientific's widely-used Impact Factor. Article Influence scores are normalized so that the mean article in the entire Thomson Journal Citation Reports (JCR) database has an article influence of 1.00.

In 2006, the top journal by Article Influence is Annual Reviews of Immunology, with an article influence of 27.454. This means that the average article in that journal has twenty seven times the influence of the mean journal in the JCR ( FAQ).

Eigenfator also has a mapping function showing the flows of citations between discipline/subjects areas, and the volume of publication within each discipline/subjects area. Eigenfactor inherits the subject structure of JCR, with some differences for example in the Eigenfactor data journals can only belong to one subject area.


SCImago has similar functions to but with a geographical component, statistics generated by country and region, and a much broader selection of 19 measures. These include familiar measures such as the h-index and SCImago's unique ranking SJR. SCImago has the capability to compare indicators by region or country (USA comes top of most tables followed by UK, Germany and Japan) as well as compare groups of journals and select individual titles. Each measure is presnted graphically. Basic functions are:

  • Journal Indicators

  • Journal Search (Search for individual titles)

  • Country Indicators

  • Country Search (clickable map)

  • Compare (countries and regions)

  • Map Generator (co-citation and bibble charts)

Both websites are free to access.


Journal Citation Reports. Requires an ATHENS User Name and Password.
Short list of Journal Ranking websites
SCOPUS. Requires an ATHENS User Name and Password, off-campus.

Monday, 3 November 2008

Box of Broadcasts [BoB]

Bournemouth University now has access to the new version of Box of Broadcasts [BoB]. The original version which went off line in September was created by Bournemouth University's our own CEMP. The new service has been scaled up to a national service by BUFVC for those who hold an ERA Plus Licence.

BoB records programmes from the Freeview signal. You can schedule recordings up to 7 days in advance using an Electronic Programme Guide [EPG] and record programmes broadcast in the previous 7 days (BBC1, BBC2, BBC3, BBC4, ITV1, Channel 4, Channel 5, News 24, Parliament, Radio 3, Radio 4, and Five Live only). To use BoB you need to register to create an individual account form the BoB home page. BoB can be accessed off campus.

BoB has a number of additional features. You can create playlists to share with other users and clips from recorded programmes. BoB is only accessible within the UK. Programmes are streamed but cannot be downloaded, however, you can link to programmes or clips using a hyperlink. You have to be a registered user to access.

For colleagues using moving image in research (Jackson 2005), BoB answers a number of challenges, in particular how to record, store and access television for research projects, especially news. BBC News24 is available on the 7 day buffer and the Library will ensure that two main news broadcasts on BBC 1 and ITV are recorded each day.

Box of Broadcasts [BOB]
Box of Broadcasts licence agreement
Box of Broadcasts User Guide
Educational Recording Agency [ERA] Plus Licence
Centre for Excellence in Media Practice CEMP
British Universities Film & Video Council BUFVC

Jackson, D., 2005. Using off-air recordings in media research: issues and challenges. Viewfinder (60), 13.

Thursday, 30 October 2008

Institutional Citation Analysis on Web of Knowledge

Web of Knowledge [WOK] allows users to analyse the citation output of an institution, generating a number of metrics including: average citations per item, h-index, average citations per year, and citation totals for each year and each cited article over time. Metrics can be generated for any institution by WOK, and used to create comparative data. Similar data can be generated using SCOPUS's Affiliation search. The following presentation illustrates the basics. It can be viewed using Firefox or IE 6.0 or below.

Web of Science factsheet
Post on Affiliation Search on Scopus

Tuesday, 28 October 2008

Scopus uses Scirus as a bolt on web search

SCOPUS has a built in web search using another Elsevier product, Scirus, a web search tool specialising in scientific information only. Any search done in SCOPUS is replicated on Scirus and can be accessed from the Web tab on the SCOPUS results search screen. Scirus sources its results from repositories including, institutional repositories*. This very clever tool allows you to refine your web search by keyword and source repository as well as use the SCOPUS reference management options (print, e-mail, download). Brief presentation can only be viewed using Firefox or IE 6.0 and below.

Scirus can also be accessed direct. *We have requested BURO be added as a source.


Go Direct to Scopus. Requires an ATHENS Personal Account off campus.
Go direct to Scirus
Do the Google - Scirus Comparison Test
Previous post on a competitor product (Scientific WebPlus) from Web of Knowledge.

Thursday, 23 October 2008

Scientific WebPlus Beta from Web of Knowledge

ISI Web of Knowledge [WOK] have introduced a new addition their search tools, Scientific WebPlus (Beta). WebPlus searches open access/web resources, including BURO. Scientific WebPlus has a number of clever features:

  • Scientific WebPlus displays results by domain (clickcable bar chart); subject (tag cloud) and file type (clickable bar chart).

  • If you search the Web of Science [WOS] you can click on the Scientific WebPlus link and repeat the search using terms taken form your current search in WOS.

  • Scientific WebPlus offers a number of special searches in addition to Topic and Author. Gene, Organism and Drug.

  • Scientific WebPlus is designed specifically to focus on the scientific content of the open Web, although you might take issue with this. Results are sometimes broader than the focus on "scientific content" claimed.

  • You get more features if you register, the ability to tag records for your own use and to see tags for Groups based on the information provided for your profile when registering (Role - Librarian, Subject - Social Sciences, Speciality - Communication).

Access to Scientific WebPlus is only available through Web of Knowledge. Bournemouth University subscribes to the Web of Knowledge which you can access from here. You will need an ATHENS Account if you are off-campus.


Fact Sheet on Scientific WebPlus
WebPlus blog

Tuesday, 21 October 2008

BURO - What's in it for me?

For busy researchers, academics and academic+practioners it is hard to make the argument that more work, not directly related to current research or professional activity, is a good thing. However, responding to comments at a recent BURO training event it is possible to make an argument that using BURO can save you time by serving a number of demands for your bibliographic data simultaneously:

  1. The coming Research Excellence Framework [REF] will make use of citation analysis and will require from institutions accurate, structured and timely data to support the process. One obvious source of data, and one being tested by HEFCE, is to use the institutional repositories like BURO.

  2. BURO can be used to support the routine process of maintaining personal bibliographies and CV's. Data from BURO can be exported to EndNote, for example, and from there into 3,500 different citation styles.

  3. BURO is a public facing website, and can be used to integrate bibliographic data into personal, research centre websites and school websites or just as a means of directing people to your publications.

Previous posts on this topic

Personal Bibliographies and BURO [ click here. ]

10 Reasons to Use BURO [ click here . ]

Thursday, 16 October 2008

BURO Outage 16 October 2008

This afternoon [16 October 2008] for approximately 2 hours between 13:30 and 15:30.

We apologise for the break in service.

Monday, 13 October 2008

BURO Update

BURO and the Research Excellence Framework [REF]

The data collected for the submission to the pilot project of the Research Excellence Framework [REF] is currently being added to BURO. The REF pilot project is also looking at using institutional repositories like BURO as a data collection tool for the real version of the REF.

To facilitate this aspect of the pilot project over the next few months Schools will be collating as much information as possible on publications from 2001 and feed these into the BURO data entry exercise.

Research Centres and BURO

BURO came into being just before the creation of the new University Research Centres. This means there is a legacy of records created before the Research Centres were finalised that are not attached to the relevant Centre. The Library is currently working through School by School to make sure that Research Centres are correctly credited with publications by their members. You can see the results of this by looking at the Browse Group page on BURO.

Wednesday, 8 October 2008

BURO Outage - 08 October 2008

The Bournemouth repository was out of service this afternoon due to a technical fault. The service returned just after 17:00 this afternoon. We apologise for any inconvenience that this may have caused you.

Tuesday, 7 October 2008

EndNote vs Zotero

EndNote vs Zotero is a version of the Open Source movement vs Corporate Commerce. Zotero is an Open Source plugin for the Firefox browser and provides a very serviceable bibliographic management tool with some unique features, and of course it is free. EndNote's owners - Thomson/Reuters - are suing the creators of Zotero on the specific issue of the ability of Zotero to use the c3,500 output styles created by EndNote and EndNote users. Links below provide a more detailed and a more informed explanation of the issues.

The owners of EndNote do have form in being aggressive with the competition. They bought and effectively killed off the University's previously preferred bibliographic software, ProCite.

The following practical points should be considered in favour of EndNote ...

  • EndNote is a good product, and is free to end users on University computers

  • EndNote Web can be used on home computers and laptops

  • BU computers do not support Firefox

  • If you do not have access to your computers C drive you can't install Firefox or Zotero on University computers

Links to blog entries on EndNote vs Zotero.

Sunday, 5 October 2008

Harvardbu on EndNote Web

EndNote Web currently has two versions of the Bournemouth University Harvard style. Harvardbu (created by Bournemouth University Library) and Harvard(BourneU) (loaded into EndNote Web by Thomson/Reuters - based on an earlier version of harvardbu).

We cannot remove Harvard(BourneU) file so we have made both these styles identical and the most up to date versions.

Saturday, 27 September 2008

Social networking for researchers

Social networking software designed for researchers bundles together Web 2.0 functionality to provide directory services, resource sharing, support for group working and self archiving. It's hard to define this type of software as a category because of the diversity of the offerings. Some like ResearchGATE offer a full service, some are free to register others like MyNetResaerch charge after a free trial. A few have the backing of larger publishing concerns like ResearchID (Thomson/Reuters) and Nature Network (Nature Publishing Group).'s graphical interface is its unique selling point and quite fun to use - although as the structure of the institution is created by contributors it can be a little misleading. Most resources appeal to scientists many explicitly, like Labmeeting and ResearchGATE, others by default seem to be mostly used by scientists. If ResearchID and, which are essentially powerful list/publication management tools, are included then perhaps we should include 2collab (Elsevier) in the list. A recent survey received by this blogger suggests that 2collab is looking to move into this area.


List of social networking sites for research

Tuesday, 23 September 2008

Research Excellence Framework - Technical Reports

HEFCE has just published two technical reports on the process for the Research Excellence Framework [REF], Appraisal of Citation Data Sources and Development of Bibliometric Indicators of Research Quality.

Appraisal of Citation Data Sources is a detailed comparison of SCOPUS and ISI Web of Knowlwdge (WOK). The main conclusion, perhaps not surprisingly, is that the two sources are broadly comparable. There are a number of differences, however,

  • SCOPUS has a better coverage of conference proceedings. The Web of Knowledge, however, has plans to integrate a separate database, ISI Proceedings, with the Web of Knowledge. Data on conference proceedings will for part of the REF process.

  • SCOPUS does not include 100% of the contents of all journal titles, for example book reviews and editorials. The coverage of the Web of Knowledge is comprehensive for the titles it covers.

  • SCOPUS and Web of Knowledge have different selection criteria. SCOPUS covering a wider range of titles, WOK uses citation impact as a criteria for inclusion.

  • There are slight differences in the extent of subject covereage.

  • There are also differences in data structure. SCOPUS has worked on reducing ambiguity in identifying authors and their affiliations. SCOPUS also preserves in the citation linking all the information from cited works, WOK uses the first author, abreiviated title, volume, number and page. This makes the SCOPUS citation search easier to use even if it is not as comprehensive as WOK.

The report on Development of Bibliometric Indicators of Research Quality found a general correlation between RAE (2001) ratings and ciation impact with some subject variations. Important because the forthcoming REF will be based on citation analysis rather than peer review. It also suggests defining subjects by groups of journal titles rather that subject units.


Aricle on reports in the Times Higher

British Library Higher Education e-News

The September Issue is now out. The British Library are offering a number of training opportunities for postgraduate researchers - next one on Social Sciences is already booked up. There is also news of a new venture Vitae, providing support for UK researchers.

Saturday, 20 September 2008

Journal Rankings - what are they good for?

Journal Rankings may not be a good indicator of the quality of individual contributions. This is the conclusion of Professor Ray Paul, RAE Panel member for Business and Management Studies and Library and Information Management, in a forthcoming article for the European Journal of Information Systems (Paul 2008).

One major conclusion appears to be that journal rankings are not a good indicator of the quality of any paper published in that journal, nor necessarily of the combined quality of all the papers.

Professor Paul, makes the point that Universities who selected outputs for the RAE on the basis of Journal Rankings may be surprised by the outcomes of the RAE 2008 peer review process.


Extract from forthcoming article by Professor Ray Paul.

Times Higher Education Supplement article .


Corbyn, Z., 2008. RAE table will be shaken by use of journal rankings. Times Higher Education Supplement, 11 September. Available from: [Accessed 20 September 2008].

Paul, R., 2008. Measuring research quality: The United Kingdom Government’s Research Assessment Exercise. European Journal of Information Systems, 17 (4), 1-6. Available from: [Accessed 20 September 2008].

Tuesday, 16 September 2008

Top 25 downloaded articles from ScienceDirect

Which are the most downloaded articles from ScienceDirect?

ScienceDirect have come up with a clever feature that ranks the Top 25 articles downloaded in the previous month. You can refine the Top 25 by subject and individual journal titles within each subject area.

The tool is open for all to use but you can register for up to 10 monthly e-mail updates. It has a number of useful tools. The Blog this feature generates html code that you can embed in your own blog entries viz ...

Example of embedded link

The h-index: Advantages, limitations and its relation with other bibliometric indicators at the micro level
Journal of Informetrics, Volume 1, Issue 3, 1 July 2007, Pages 193-203
Costas, R.; Bordons, M.

with a link to the entry in ScienceDirect. Top 25 also allows exporting Direct to 2collab. Bournemouth University subscribes to ScienceDirect. Login with your ATHENS Personal Account to see the full text.

Articles in Press (AIP) on SCOPUS

With the SCOPUS Articles-in-Press (AiP) facility you can identify articles accepted for publication in over 3000 journals from Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, Nature Publishing Group (NPG), Elsevier and Springer. IEEE and BioMed Central are to be added in the Autumn. AiP publishes abstracts of papers upto four months ahead of full publication.

You can use this function from the normal Search in SCOPUS. However, select Articles in Press from the Document Type pull down menu to search for AiP's only.


Press Release for new In Press feature.

Sunday, 14 September 2008

SCOPUS Affiliation Details - for Bournemouth University

SCOPUS profiles each organisation using an authors affiliation, the organisation authors work for at the time of publication. The profile gives the number of articles for each organization by subject, journal title and collaborating institution. Clearly there is room for ambiguity and error, however, SCOPUS have developed the SCOPUS Affiliation Identifier which distinguishes between affiliations that have similar names by assigning each affiliation in SCOPUS a unique number and grouping together all of the documents affiliated with an organization.

The Affiliation Details for Bournemouth University?

The best way to view this data is to search for Bournemouth University using the Affiliation search on SCOPUS (requires an ATHENS Personal Account for off campus access). Highlights are included below.

Total Number of Articles on SCOPUS ranked by Subject

No. of Articles / Subject

237 Engineering
232 Medicine
202 Nursing
196 Social Sciences
194 Computer Science
115 Business, Management and Accounting
101 Environmental Science
91 Materials Science
82 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
49 Earth and Planetary Sciences
48 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
48 Mathematics
37 Psychology
29 Physics and Astronomy
23 Arts and Humanities
16 Health Professions
13 Economics, Econometrics and Finance
12 Neuroscience
11 Chemical Engineering
11 Decision Sciences
8 Chemistry
8 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
6 Immunology and Microbiology
3 Dentistry
3 Multidisciplinary
2 Energy

Total Number of Articles on SCOPUS ranked by Journal Title

No. of Articles / Journal Title

46 Practising Midwife
21 Journal of Clinical Nursing
21 Lecture Notes in Computer Science Including Subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics
18 Nursing Standard Royal College of Nursing Great Britain 1987
16 IEE Colloquium Digest
15 Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
14 Nurse Education Today
14 Wear
13 Service Industries Journal
13 Intensive and Critical Care Nursing
12 Nursing Times
12 Journal of Advanced Nursing
11 Materials Science and Technology
10 Tourism Management
10 Midwifery
10 British Journal of Nursing Mark Allen Publishing
10 Information and Software Technology

You can do this for any organisation and use the data for comparative purposes. Note that SCOPUS does not include ALL journals, so like any database of this type is only indicative of performance rather than definitive.

Wednesday, 10 September 2008

Using SCOPUS with 2collab

2collab is the social bookmarking tool developed by Elsevier who also publish SCOPUS. Elsevier have created a unique way of allowing you to import references to your papers from SCOPUS to 2collab using the SCOPUS Author ID.

  • To find you Author ID login to SCOPUS (you will need an ATHENS Personal Account if you are off-campus) and search for your name using the Author search. Click on the Details link to the Author profile, which gives you the Author ID e.g. 7201661511.

  • If you have already registered with 2collab, Edit your Profile and add your Author ID. If you are about to register include your Author ID in the profile you create.

  • When you create or edit your 2collab Profile you get the option to import references from SCOPUS. Thereafter the option is availble from the Import Bookmarks menu.

Apart from being a simple way to import your refereneces - you can click from your 2collab bookmarks straight back to SCOPUS for full bibliographic details and access to full text. It also makes it easy to share your references with colleagues using the 2collab group functions.

About 2collab

2collab works by being a social bookmarking site where you can store and organize your favorite internet resources - such as research articles from any publisher, blogs, websites, and more. Then, in private or public groups you can share your bookmarks with others - your colleagues, distributed research team, or the wider pool of experts in your field. Members of groups can evaluate these resources (by adding ratings and comments) and add their own bookmarks.

Note: Bournemouth University now subscribes to SCOPUS.

The h-index in SCOPUS

What is an h-index?

The definition provided by SCOPUS is ...

A scientist has index h if h of his or her number of papers
(NP) have at least h citations each and the other (NP – h)
papers have fewer than h citations each.

Or if you substitute real numbers, if Professor Blog has published 100 papers, of which 25 have more that 25 citations and 75 fewer than 25 citations he has an h index of 25.

What does it tell us?

The h-index is a performance metric which enables us to put a number to the impact and quality of an academic/researchers performance over time. The higher the number the better the performance. The h-index allows us to make comparisons between individuals and the performance of individuals within research groups or discipline areas.

How does it work in SCOPUS?

If you want to check your h-index go to the Author search form (tab on the main search page) and do the following:

  • Enter your name and affiliation e.g. Bournemouth University

  • Click Search.

  • Authors that meet your search criteria will display on a page headed Make Author Selection.

From the Make Author Selection page, do one of the following:

  • Click on the Details link next to your name. The Author Details page will display.

  • OR

  • Select your published output, and then click Citation Tracker. The Citation Overview page will display.

Note: Excluding author self citations may change hirsch index scoring and Citation Overview totals for an author or a group of authors.

  • From the Author Details or Citation Overview page, click the h-graph icon. The Author Evaluation Tools page will display.

It may be that you don't have publications on SCOPUS or your publications haven't been cited. You could try the same exercise using Professor Paul Curran (h-index=23) as an example.

An example?

It is also possible to do the same exercise for groups or subjects. For example searching for institutions by Affiliation, and then refining by subject.

The following was generated in this way using the Business, Management and Accounting subject category** to limit searches for each institution and then generating an h-index using the Citation Tracker.

  1. City University, London - h index = 18

  2. De Montfort University, Leicester - h index = 17

  3. University of Portsmouth - h index = 16

  4. University of the West of England, Bristol - h index = 16

  5. Bournemouth University - h index = 10

  6. Birmingham City University - h index = 8

  7. University of Huddersfield h index = 8

** Articles published since 1996


More information about Research Performance Measurement using SCOPUS.


Wikipedia article on the h-index

Friday, 5 September 2008

Open Access publication does not give a Citation Advantage

Recent research published in the British Medical Journal looking at the citation advantage of publishing in an Open Access format (Davis et al. 2008) concludes ...

Open access publishing may reach more readers than subscription access publishing. No evidence was found of a citation advantage for open access articles in the first year after publication.

The reason this is important, and the focus of research, is that those who support Open Access publication claim the citation advantage as one of the benefits to authors. Articles free at the point of access are more likely to be located, read and therefore cited by others.

Many of the arguments over the citation effect concern methodology, and samples are exclusively taken from the sciences. The BMJ article, however, appears to be conclusive that any effect is not due to Open Access. Possible explanations include:

  • The process of academic writing and peer review ensures that only relevant material is cited whatever the form of publication (Craig 2007).

  • Most researchers working in academic/research institutions are supported by tens of thousands if not millions of pounds of institutional subscriptions to databases and journals as well as generous Inter-Library Loan budgets. From their individual point of view all literature is free at the point of access giving Open Access publication a limited advantage.

  • Open Access journals are integrated into library provided interfaces that mix Open Access and paid for subscriptions journals - supported by institutional subscriptions. The distinctive nature of Open Access content is obscured by this process. Exclusively using Google Scholar or similar tools, however, has the opposite effect, finding Open Access material you can see and paid for content you can't.

Interestingly Open Access publications are downloaded more frequently, achieving a wider reach. Downloads have been suggested as an alternative to citations to measure article impacts. However, the forthcoming replacement of the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), the Research Excellence Framework (REF) will use citation analysis not downloads to assess impact.

There is another way. Publishers (see Sherpa/ROMEO website) will normally allow last accepted versions to be posted on institutional repositories like BURO. If you contribute to BURO you have the option of publishing in paid for content journals and engaging with Open Access, with the additional benefit of a wider readership and the possibility of participating in any projects that develop impact metrics based on downloads.



Previous post related to this topic

BURO's versions policy


Caldwell, T., 2008. Open access citation effect illusory. Information World Review, 03 September 2008. Available from: [Accessed 06 September 2008].

Craig, I.D., Plume, A.M., McVeigh, M.E., Pringle, J. & Amin, M., 2007. Do open access articles have greater citation impact? A critical review of the literature. Journal Informatics, 1(3), 239-248. Available from: [Accessed 21 May 2008].

Davis, P.M., Lewenstein, B.V., Simon, D.H., Booth, J.G., and Connolly, M.J.L., 2008. Open access publishing, article downloads, and citations: randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 337, a568. Available from: [Accessed: 06 September 2008].

Thursday, 4 September 2008

Bournemouth University subscribes to Scopus

Scopus is an abstract and citation database of research literature and quality web sources in the sciences and social sciences. Updated daily, it indexes 15,000 peer-reviewed journals from more than 4,000 publishers, open access journals, conference proceedings, trade publications, book series, patent records and scientific web pages. It contains over 33 million records, of which 16 million records include references going back to 1996 and 17 million pre-1996 records going back as far as 1841.

Scopus has a number of features that allow you to analyse you own publications including calculating your H Index and citations counts.

Scopus is ATHENS Authenticated


Go to Scopus
Previous entry on the Scopus Journal Analyser

Wednesday, 3 September 2008

BURO Top Ten Viewed Papers - August 2008

  1. Klimis, G.M., Wallace, R. and Kretschmer, M., 2001. Music in electronic markets: an empirical study. New Media & Society, 3 (4), pp. 417-441. Link

  2. Brown, L. and Holloway, I., 2008. The initial stage of the international sojourn: excitement or culture shock? British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 36 (1), pp. 33-49. Link

  3. Buhalis, D. and Law, R., 2008. Twenty years on and 10 years after the Internet: The state of eTourism research. Tourism Management, 29 (4), pp. 609-623. (In Press) Link

  4. Street, S., 2008. Radio archive. Documentation. Poole: Bournemouth University. Link

  5. Shiel, C. and Jones, D., 2003. Reflective learning and assessment: a systematic study of reflexive learning as evidenced in student Learning Journals. HEAC, pp. 1-32. Link

  6. Hean, S. and Matthews, M., 2007. Applying work motivation theories to articulate the challenges of providing effective doctoral supervision. In: Enhancing Higher Education, Theory and Scholarship, Proceedings of the 30th HERDSA Annual Conference [CD-ROM], Adelaide, 8-11 July. Milperra, New South Wales, Australia: Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia. Link

  7. Morgan, M., 2007. Festival Spaces and the Visitor Experience. In: Casado-Diaz, M., Everett, S. and Wilson, J., eds. Social and Cultural Change: Making Space(s) for Leisure and Tourism. Eastbourne, UK: Lesiure Studies Association, pp. 113-130. Link

  8. Street, S., 2007. A word in your ear: radio archives and education. In: Grant, C. and McKernan, L., eds. Moving Image Knowledge and Access: The BUFVC Handbook. London: BUFVC, pp. 23-28. Link

  9. Todres, L., 2000. Writing phenomenological-psychological description: an illustration attempting to balance texture and structure. Auto-Biography: an international & interdisciplinary journal, 3 (1 & 2), pp. 41-48. Link

  10. Hartwell, H., Edwards, J. and Symonds, C., 2006. Foodservice in hospital: development of a theoretical model for patient experience and satisfaction using one hospital in the UK National Health Service as a case study. Journal of Foodservice, 17 (5-6), pp. 226-238. Link

Data is sourced from Google Analytics. See also entries on previous usage statistics.

Wednesday, 27 August 2008

Personal Bibliographies and BURO

Personal bibliographies are the lists of your own publications compiled for personal web pages, CV's and to fulfil requests for publication lists from the university, funding bodies, research administrators. Many of the entries for BURO were sourced from personal bibliographies.

Compiling personal bibliographies can be a frustrating experience. Publication data is likely to exist in a number of places - major bibliographic databases (e.g. Web of Science), institutional repositories (e.g. BURO), and any number of websites for journals, conferences and professional societies. It takes time and effort to combine all these sources into a single list and reformat in the required style.

The best solution is to use bibliographic software - Bournemouth University recommends EndNote and EndNote Web - to compile and maintain your own database of publications. Using EndNote means you can output lists of publications in one of hundreds of styles as and when required. EndNote also flexible, exchanging data with most popular academic social bookmarking tools and other bibliographic management software.

You can't, however, import data from EndNote and similar software into is BURO. This isn't a problem unique to BURO, it is a challenge for repository administrators around the world, so much so that JISC are funding a project, EM-Loader - Extracting Metadata to Load for Open Access Deposit to improve the import of data into repository software.

One of the benefits of BURO is that you can export in a number of formats including BibText, EndNote and RIS. If you use BURO as the primary source for your personal bibliographies you can output it to other software as required. Try using web sites like Publications List to host your bibliography using the export facility from BURO to source your data.


EM-Loader - Extracting Metadata to Load for Open Access Deposit


Example of PublicationsList

Wednesday, 20 August 2008

EndNote - Cite While You Write (CWYW) - preparation of documents for publication

A colleague from the School of Conservation Sciences has pointed out that:

a number of editors of Archaeological Journals specifically request that EndNote is not used in the compilation of bibliographies of submitted versions of papers submitted electronically for publication. All coding and links have to be manually stripped out before typesetting - Endnote conflicts with the majority of professional typesetting programmes - the references in text get seen as "code" so are omitted meaning that all references have to be added into text manually

This refers to Cite While You Write (CWYW) which leaves code in Word documents that is usually invisible to the user. It is important to check with the publisher for any specific requirements. The following advice is offered from the EndNote Forum ...

Other publishers specifically request that embedded field links are removed. You don't have to avoid using Endnote! You just need to eliminate the links before sumission. Routinely, I use ctrl A (select all), shift+ctrl F9 (unlink fields) ON A COPY of the manuscript for submission. Alternatively, use the Endnote "tool" to accomplish the same thing (the one with a little arrow pointing straight up.

Some publishers now actually prefer to have Endnote imbedded links, as they convert them somehow to create their html version of the online document. So it is worth while to check on their preference. Leanne

Monday, 18 August 2008

EndNote Harvardbu

What is Harvardbu?

Harvardbu is an EndNote Output Style built by Bournemouth University Library to generate well formed references in the Bournemouth University Harvard Style.

How do I get Harvardbu?

The Harvardbu style is available from the BU Library's EndNote Support Page. To download the Output Style double click on the Harvardbu.ens link and Copy the file to the EndNote Styles folder. To navigate to the Styles Folder of EndNote : C Drive - Program Files - EndNote 9 OR EndNote X - Styles and the Save file into your Styles folder. You will need to have access to your 'C' Drive.

Note - occasionally we make minor changes or alterations to the Harvardbu style. The most recent version is always posted on the website - with the date it was updated. A full update history is included with the Harvardbu style.

Wednesday, 13 August 2008

RSS Feed for Bournemouth University Library: Research Support Blog

Responding to readers comments ...

You can get regular updates from the Bournemouth University Library: Research Support Blog using RSS (Really Simple Syndication). RSS feeds post updated information from websites to a news aggregator or the RSS reader in your Web Browser (Internet Explorer - IE 7.0 or Mozilla Firefox 2.0).

News Aggregators

Two popular news aggregators are Google Reader and Bloglines. You need to register for an account. If you already have a Google Account add the Reader to your Products. Once you are set up with either Google Reader or Bloglines, click on the RSS symbol on the site you want updates from and follow the instructions. This usually requires you to copy and paste the Internet Address (ULR) of the RSS page into your news aggregator.

Browser RSS Readers

If you are using a web browser ( IE 7.0 or Firefox 2.0 ) that has an RSS reader - and you want to use it - click on the RSS link and you will be offered the option of subscribing to the link. You can then access the RSS Reader in Faviourites of Bookmarks.

Tuesday, 12 August 2008

The use and misuse of bibliometric indices in evaluating scholarly performance

A special themed issue of the journal Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics with 14 papers on taking a range of perspectives on the bibliometric indices. Questions addressed include: peer review vs bibliomterics (Browman and Stergiou), the value of Journal Impact Factors (JIF's) against citation analysis of individual papers (Campbell), how bibliometrics influences the publication behaviour of scientists (Lawrence), the impact of error's in citation practice (Todd and Ladle), Open Access (OA) publishing versus commercial publishers (Taylor, Perakakis and Trachana), Google Scholar as a citation tool (Harzing and van der Wal), a comparative evaluation of peer review and bibliometrics using RAE data (Harnad) and a look at the Australian experience of research evaluation(Butler).


Browman, H.I. and Stergiou, K.I., 2008. The use and misuse of bibliometric indices in evaluating scholarly performance - Theme Section. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics. 8 (1). Available from: [Accessed 13 August 2008].

Friday, 8 August 2008

EndNote Web

What is EndNote Web?

EndNote Web is a free product available to Bournemouth University staff and students as part of our subscription to Thompson Reuters ISI Web of Knowledge.

EndNote Web is a service designed to help students and researchers through the process of writing a research paper. Use EndNote Web to organise references for citing in papers, as a companion to the full desktop version of EndNote, and to store references between ISI Web of Knowledge search sessions.

EndNote Web has fewer features than the full desktop version of EndNote, but allows you to transfer references between the two versions and to share references with other researchers.

How do I get an EndNote Web Account?

To create an EndNote Web account you first need to have an ATHENS Personal Account. Click on Sign-up for an Account and complete the registration form. Register for EndNote Web by going to ISI Web of Knowledge and clicking on the EndNote Web Link or going direct to Depending on whether you are on or off campus, you may be asked to enter your ATHENS Personal Account.

Once you have registered you can access EndNote Web directly or via the Web of Knowledge. You may be asked for your ATHENS Personal Account.

Why would I use EndNote Web?

Use EndNote Web when you cannot access a university computer. Please note that the Bournemouth University Site Licence for the full desktop version of EndNote software does not entitle you to a free copy for your personal laptop or desktop computer.

Organise EndNote Web references into Groups for easier management and share EndNote Groups over the web with other EndNote Web users.

Use the Cite While You Write Plug-in to insert references, and format citations and bibliographies automatically while you write your papers in Microsoft Word. The plug-in also allows you to save online references to your library in Internet Explorer. EndNote Web also offers a plug-in to install a toolbar for Firefox. Please note that you will not be able to load the Plug-in if you do not have Administrative access to your computer.

EndNote Web does allow Importing, Exporting and Formating references - including the Bournemouth University Harvard Style, and Remote Searching of catalogues and some databases.

EndNote Web works with ISI Web of Knowledge [WOK] to allow you to Export references directly to EndNote Web and link back directly to individual records in WOK.

Are there any disadvantages?

EndNote Web can be slow to use compared to the desktop version, search facilities are limited and to be effective its important to synchronise databases in both versions to have access to your references at all times. For more information and help contact Matt Holland or Emma Crowley.


EndNote Web Help

Quick Reference Guide

Online Tutorials

More about transferring databases from EndNote to EndNote Web

Thompson Reuters publish White Paper on Using Bibliometrics

The White Paper Using Bibliometrics: a Guide to Evaluating Research Performance with Citation Data is published by Thompson Reuters. To receive a copy you have to register on their website and it is sent to you by e-mail as a .pdf

It's a marketing exercise to promote Thomson Reuters products, but that accepted, presents a clear, well structured and short - 12 pages - guide to bibliometrics. The White Paper covers why we might want to evaluate research, who are the key stakeholders, types of data and a description of each measure. For those familiar with the field this is nothing new. For those who aren't this is a quick introduction.

The paper concludes with a short discussion on the misuse of Journal Impact Factors JIF's - produced by Thompson Reuters Journal Citation Reports - principly their use as "a surrogate for a more carefully derived direct measure of citation impact".

Sharing Databases with EndNote Web

Are you an EndNote user who wants to share Endnote libraries with colleagues? EndNote Web allows you to do this.

You will need an EndNote Web account and be able to create Groups of references within EndNote Web.

Depending on which version of EndNote you have, the following instructions explain how to transfer EndNote Libraries to EndNote web.

Version X

  1. Open the library in EndNote.

  2. In the Output Style drop-down list box in the Style Toolbar, click Select Another Style... to open the Output Style manager.

  3. Select "EndNote Export" and click the Choose button.

  4. Select Export from the File menu.

  5. In the Save As dialog, name the file in the File Name field and browse to the desired file location.

  6. Confirm the File Type is "Text File (*.txt)" in the File Format drop-down field.

  7. Click the Save button.

  8. In EndNote Web, follow the Import instructions using "EndNote Import" as the filter.

Note that if you are using your own computer, or a have Administrative Rights to your University computer. Open EndNote X and from the Help menu choose EndNote Programme Updates and follow instructions for updating version X to version X.0.2

Version X.0.2

  1. Open the library in EndNote.

  2. From the Tools menu select Transfer References.

  3. Add the details for you EndNote Web account in the Dialogue box.

  4. Clicking Next connect to your EndNote Web account.

  5. Select the option to transfer from Desktop to EndNote Web. You also have an option to transfer from EndNote Web to EndNote. Check that the right EndNote Library is selected.

  6. Start the transfer.

Version XI

  1. Open the library in EndNote.

  2. From the Tools menu select EndNote Web ....

  3. Add the details for you EndNote Web Account in the Dialogue box.

  4. Clicking Next connect to your EndNote Web account.

  5. Select the option to transfer from Desktop to EndNote Web. You also have an option to transfer from EndNote Web to EndNote. Check that the right EndNote Library is selected.

  6. Start the transfer.

Note that styled text is not supported in EndNote Web. References containing manually applied formatting to text will lose the formatting upon transfer to EndNote Web and when transferred back to EndNote on your desktop.


Blog entry about EndNote Web

Wednesday, 6 August 2008

Peer Review in the Dock

It is not often that a topic like Peer Review is covered in the media. This 30 minute documentary investigates this flawed process talking to leading experts. You can listen again on the BBC Radio 4 website, the title of the programme is Peer Review in the Dock.

Saturday, 2 August 2008

Scopus Journal Analyzer

Scopus have launched a competitor product to the Thompson Reuters Journal Citation Reports (JCI) - the Scopus Journal Analyzer (SJA). The SJA tool has three measures which are presented either as a graph or as data:

  1. Total Citations - displays the total number of citations the selected journals receive over the course of each year;

  2. Articles Published - shows the number of articles published by each journal over time;

  3. Trend Line - provides the number of citations received in that year, regardless of the publication date of the cited document, divided by the total number of documents published in that year . This parallels the Thompson Reuters/ISI Impact Factor measure.

Examples can be seen in the links below. Note that Bournemouth University does not currently subscribe to Scopus.


Article using examples generated by Scopus Journal Analyzer in Research Trends

Press release for the Scopus Journal Analyzer

Promotional web page for the Scopus Journal Analyzer with links to an online tutorial.

Magazine article from Information Today comparing Journals Citation Index (JCI) and Scopus Journal Analyzer (SJA)

Wednesday, 23 July 2008

Citation Impact Center - Thomson Reuters

The Citation Impact Center's blog presents a "thought-provoking commentary and lively discussion about important topics in scholarly research evaluation". The blog has a corporate flavour with an accessible style, discussing bibliometric measures generated by Thomson Reuters products. Anyone can view but you need to register to post a comment.

Tuesday, 15 July 2008

News from SAGE on 2007 Impact Factors - Communication and Mass Media Studies

The latest Newsletter from SAGE uses the 2007 Journal Citation Reports to assess the impact of their current journals in Communication and Mass Media Studies. Its interesting for a number of reasons. The subject area, one important for Bournemouth University, is not often analysed in terms of Impact Factors IF's. Note that the IF's are quite low compared to those in other discipline areas, but this reflects the trend in many areas of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences. The highest ranking journal from SAGE, fifth in the subject group, has an IF of 1.481. Of the 45 titles in Communication subject group, SAGE publish roughly a quarter (27%).

IF's are increasingly important in journal publisher marketing, with many providing similar information to SAGE on their websites. Having and IF, even if it is pending as in the case of Management Communication Quarterly is more important than ever in assessing a journals titles credibility. It is still true, however, that more scholarly titles don't have an IF than have one.

Wednesday, 9 July 2008

Mind the Skills Gap - New Report from the Research Information Network

A new report from the Research Information Network [RIN] which addresses the question "... how researchers acquire the appropriate skills in discovering and handling research information sources and services, the training opportunities provided for them , and the take-up of those opportunities ...".

The 18 key findings identify the need for more funding, more co-operation between organisations and institutions, better evaluation and training that reflects the research subject area (i.e. less generic).

The 10 recommendations follow from the findings, better engagement with research funders and graduate organisations, a more systematic and planned approach to training which involves research staff.

The Library is looking at its support for researchers, this blog is the outcome of a consultation excise researchers. Please do comment here if you want to about Information Skills Training for researchers at Bournemouth University.


Research Information Network [RIN]
Mind the Skills Gap: Information handling training for researchers - report summary and a .pdf of the full report.

Thursday, 3 July 2008

ResearchID Badge

ResearcherID have launched a badge that you can incorporate into your website. Rolling over the badge with a mouse displays your profile with a link to your ResearcherID page. The badge is created from a script generated using ResearcherID Labs which can then be pasted into your blog or web page. See example on the left hand menu.


See previous blog entries on ResearcherID

Visit the ResearcherID Website

Monday, 30 June 2008

More Resources Available Off-Campus

The Library has implemented a system called EZproxy which allows off-campus access to databases and journals previously only available on-campus.

To gain access off-campus, you must:

  • use the e-resource specific links on the A-Z of Databases on the library web site

  • use your Bournemouth University staff /student login details to authenticate access

This includes ACM Digital Library; Anthropological Index; Books 24x7; British & Irish Bibliography; British Universities Newsreel; Classical Music Library; Global Tax Explorer; Hoover's Online; Index to Theses; Knovel Science Data Books; The Lyell Collection; Tourism Insights.


More e-ersources available off-campus

Saturday, 28 June 2008

BURO - Getting Started - Hints and Tips Part One

1) Search BURO to see if you already have any records

We having been adding material to BURO centrally from a variety of sources, including legacy databases of publications held by Schools. Unless you are a new member of staff there is a good chance some of your publications will be on BURO already.

2) Check to see any existing information on BURO is accurate

If you want to make changes or upload full text files please contact Matt Holland. You can't edit or change these records because they are 'owned' by the editorial staff who created them. All records you enter you will have full control over.

3) Check your profile

Records on BURO are linked to your Profile using two key fields:

  • your Bournemouth University e-mail address - finds all records attributed to you

  • your Research Centre or School if you do not belong to a Research Centre - finds all records attributed to your Research Centre.

It is important these are accurate. You may find these have already been entered. There is a brief tutorial here on how to check.

Who is the greatest ...

In step with other trends in globalisation, patterns of research production across the world are changing, reports Research Trends. The USA's share of research articles, though still dominant at c22%, is declining with rises in the output in the Asia/Pacific regions. However, The USA still produces the most cited research.


Research Trends home page - displays the latest issue, with links to previous issues.

Friday, 27 June 2008

Caution in using Citation Statistics

Citation Statistics (Alder et al. 2008) is a timely reminder, in view of the new style Research Excellence Framework [REF], successor to the Research Assessment Exercise [RAE], of the limitations of using citations as a basis for assessing research quality.

The report - which has an excellent Executive Summary - points out that statistics can be misapplied, misunderstood and misused. In addition statistics are not inherently objective - a point perhaps more widely accepted in the Social Sciences - they can in fact be as subjective as the process of peer review. Citation analysis can only be an indicator of research impact, on its own it tells us nothing about the research itself. In the words of the report it gives a shallow picture.

The authors emphasise the crude nature of journal Impact Factors as a measure of research quality. They could of added that in some discipline areas most research is published in journals without Impact Factors. In addition their is a confusion in the minds of some between Impact Factors - having an article published in a journal with an IF - and number of citations for an individual article. Warnings are also posted about the nature of h and other indexes.


Research Information. 2008. Report cautions against the over-reliance on citation statistics. Research Information. 20 June 2008. Available from: [Accessed: 27 June 2008].

Alder, R., Ewing, J. and Taylor, P., 2008. Citation Statistics:A report from the International Mathematical Union (IMU) in cooperation with the International Council of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM) and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS). Available from: [Accessed:27 June 2008].

2collab and ScienceDirect

Elsevier have stepped up the integration between their bookmarking tool 2collab and their database offerings including ScienceDirect - Bournemouth University has a subscription. ScienceDirect already allows you to bookmark directly into 2collab and now displays an information box with 2collab ratings, tags, comments and groups. Its very neat - but early days. A random test could not locate any items bookmarked in 2collab.

2collab can be used to bookmark items across the web not just Elsevier products. However, as an Elsevier product it has privileged position on the interfaces of their bibliographic database including ScienceDirect, Scopus and Engineering Village.


Saturday, 21 June 2008

Journal Citation Reports and Aggregate Impact Factors

This post responds to a comment on the posts on Journal Citation Reports [JCR] and Impact Factors [IFs] to provide some current data that illustrates the information provided by JCR.

The JCR provides data on individual journal titles, for example IFs. JCR also provides the same information for whole subject categories. These subjects are pre-determined by JCR and reflect a traditional view of academic disciplines. Measures include Aggregate Impact Factors [AIFs]. AFIs use the same formula as IFs - the sum of cites to articles published in journals in a given subject category in the previous two years, divided into the sum of articles published in journals in that subject category in the previous two years.

To use a worked example: Computer Science: Software Engineering has an AIF of 0.913. This is calculated by the sum of cites over the previous 2 years (2005=5767 + 2006=3596) divided into the sum of the number of articles published over the previous 2 years (2006=5248 + 2005=5006).

Total cites 9363 = 0.913
Total arts. 10254

The following roughly match areas from the BU curricula:

Business - 1.205
Business, Finance -0.834
Communication - 0.892
Computer Science: Software Engineering - 0.913
Food Science and Technology - 1.583
Health Policy and Services - 1.876
Health Care Science and Services - 1.809
Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism - 0,898
Information Science and Library Science - 1.026
Law - 1.228
Management - 1.335
Nusing (Science) - 1.031
Nursing (Social Science)- 1.023
Psychology - 2.386
Social Work - 0.746

The AIF in effect tells us on average how many times a recently published article will be cited. It also provides an indication of the Impact Factor for journals in any subject category. Note also that in many subjects in the social sciences only c 1 in 6 journals will register an IF at all.

Thursday, 19 June 2008

Journal Citation Reports - 2007 edition released

The new edition of Thompson Reuters (ISI) Journal Citation Reports (JCR) was released on 17 June 2008. JCR publishes journal Impact Factor's (IFs) in two databases the Science Edition - 5,900 journals, and the Social Science Edition - 1,700 journals.

You can access JCR here. You will have to go through the following routine to get to JCR:

  1. Enter your ATHENS Account

  2. From the ISI Web of Knowledge home page - choose Select a Database tab

  3. Click through to the Journal Citation Reports

You can read more about JCR here with links to their online training video (rather clunky PowerPoint with some out of date screen shots - but non the less informative) and the JCR FAQ.


See also post on Impact Factors.

Tuesday, 17 June 2008

Impact Factors - The Basics

Impact Factors - The Basics - Part 1 (Cross 2008) is an explanatory guide to Impact Factors [IFs] from by Taylor & Francis. It does in fact cover the basics, what impact factors are and how they are calculated. However, it goes into greater detail on the very important topic of Subject Variation within Impact Factors including some very helpful graphs to illustrate the point. Here are some of the key figures made:

  • Average category impact factors for Economics, Nursing, Education & Educational Research and Business are all less then one. This compares with the top category of Cell Biology at c5.7

  • The coverage of journals in the Social Sciences by the Journals Citation Reports [JCR] are significantly less that the Sciences. For example Economics c 42% and Business and Management c33%. This compares with the top category Physics at c83%

  • The rates of citing in the Impact Factor Window (2 years) are higher in the Sciences, for example Cell Biology 22% compared with Economics at 8%

These figures provide a big health warning to comparing IFs even between apparently related subjects - there is also variation within subjects. The guide is just 7 pages long and worth a read especially for those researching in arts, humanities and social sciences who may wonder at the comparatively higher IFs of scientific colleagues.


Cross, J., 2008. Impact Factors - The Basics - Part 1. London: Taylor & Francis. Available from: [Accessed: 17 June 2008].


Journal Citation Reports [JCR] which publishes IF's is available here. It is ATHENS Authenticated.

Sunday, 15 June 2008

Distribution of items on BURO across Bournemouth University

These figures just give a snapshot of the position of BURO in June 2008. They reflect almost entirely the availability of pre-existing databases and accessible sources of publication data and so should be treated with care.

  1. School of Health and Social Care 1199 items

  2. The Media School 463 items

  3. University Executive Group 414 items

  4. School of Services Management 232 items

  5. Academic Services 149 items

  6. The Business School 149 items

  7. School of Design, Engineering and Computing 142 items

  8. School of Conservation Science 128 items

Colleagues who want to add their own publications to BURO can use the guides on the BURO splash page or for more help contact Matt Holland.

Thursday, 12 June 2008

Basic introduction to BURO

This presentation forms part of a workshop run with colleagues in the School of Health and Social Care. Its a basic introduction which sets the context for BURO and Institutional Repositories.

If you want to ask questions or arrange a training session for your School please contact Matt Holland.

Citebase - an alternative citation analysis

Citebase is an experimental alternative citation/impact analysis using Open Access sources based at the University of Southampton. The website carries a number of warnings to the effect that users "are cautioned not to use it [Citebase] for academic evaluation yet. Citation coverage and analysis is incomplete and hit coverage and analysis is both incomplete and noisy."

One of the intersting things about Citebase is that it gives some practical examples - accepting their warnings - of what alternative citation and impact analysis might look like.

  • Total number of citations/downloads per paper

  • Author Impact = Author impact is the total number of citations/donwloads identified by Citebase to papers that the author is named on, divided by the number of papers that same author is named on.

  • Ciation Anlaysis - Cited by, co-cited with and cites to similar articles

  • Download Anlaysis - by country, date and organisation

It's probably a good idea to start by reading this page.

Wednesday, 11 June 2008

Bournemouth University Professor contributes to the International Encyclopedia of Communication [IEC]

Stuart Allan, Professor of Journalism in The Media School, Bournemouth University has contributed two articles to the new International Encyclopedia of Communication on the topics of Media History and Coffee Houses as Public Sphere.

The International Encyclopedia of Communication [IEC] is produced as a partnership with the International Communication Association [ICA] and Blackwells and edited by Wolfgang Donsbach. The IEC is a milestones in the literature, setting out a definitive statement of scholarship in the study of communication, signalling that the subject has a chieved a critical mass of scholarship and research. Bournemouth University has an electonic subsription - access here, or via the Databases A-Z.

Tuesday, 10 June 2008

To share or not to share: Publishing Research

New report looking at the publication and long term availability of research results from the Research Information Network [RIN]. The report, commissioned by JISC and NERC, looks at current practice with interviews from over 100 researchers, across eight subject and cross-disciplinary areas and makes recommendations for policy makers in four areas.

  • Creating and caring for data

  • Publishing data: motivations and constraints

  • Discovery, access and usability of datasets

  • Quality assurance

There is an excellent short summary here, with links to a .pdf down load of the Executive Summary, Full Report and Appendicies.

Sunday, 8 June 2008

EndNote - a quick reminder

Following the Graduate School Student Representative Meeting here is a quick reminder about EndNote and the Bournemouth University Harvard Referencing Style.

We have created two files for EndNote that will help you.

  • The harvardbu output style which will output well formed references in the BU Harvard Style and can be downloaded from here.

  • The BUTalis connection file that allows you to search the BU Library Catalogue using EndNote and save records from the Library Catalogue into your EndNote Library. You can download this from here.

Please make sure that you have the most recent versions of these files. If you are unsure download the files anyway and overwrite or delete the file you currently have working with your EndNote programme.

Friday, 6 June 2008

CiteSeerX Alpha

CiteSeerX Alpha was launched in March 2008, a development of CiteSeer, the digital library and search engine for computer and information science. Similar in principle to the ISI Science Citation Index [SCI], CiteSeerX Alpha allows you to see how many times an article has been cited. Of course there are differences:

  • Subject coverage is limited to computer and information science - so its not a substitute for the SCI

  • It's free and no login required, but you do have to register to use MyCiteSeer

  • CiteSeerX Alpha uses autonomous citation indexing to mine the web to create citation indexes - the developers argue that its more upto date, more comprehensive and easier to use.

Apart from the ability to search 810K documents and over 14 million citations, CiteSeerX Alpha offers a number of functions:

  • MetaCart - a shopping cart for metadata

  • MySiteSeer - create your own collections and add your own tags

CiteSeerX Alpha also gives you:

  • The Number of times an article has been cited

  • The Number of times articles in the bibliography have been cited - with a click through

  • Active Bibliography (Documents that cite a similar set of documents)

  • Co-Citation (Documents cited by a similar set of documents)

Note: as this is still an alpha version you will come across pages that say "To do".


CiteSeer (not updated since 2005)
CiteSeerX Alpha
Wikipedia Article on CiteSeer