Friday, 27 February 2009

Resources on Open Access

The idea of Open Access (OA) has been around for some time. The Open Access Directory timeline begins in 1966 with the launch of Education Resources Information Center [ERIC]. OA publishing has a strong presence in some disciplines (the High Energy Physics Repository arXiv; BioMed Central and Cogprints - Cognitive Sciences Eprint Archive) and a growing community of OA journals (see Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and African Journals Online).

Discussions about OA has been limited to a small group of proponents, however, increasingly policies and statements supporting OA are being adopted by organisations who fund and support UK Research, including HEFCE, JISC, Research Information network (RIN) and the Research Councils. The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) now mandates Open Access publishing in line with all UK Research Councils.

As researchers you may already have a stake in OA, if you publish in an OA journal, if your work is funded by an organisation that mandates OA, if you use OA journals or access OA articles, or if you have contributed a pre or post print to Bournemouth University Research Online (BURO).

OA is divided into two types. These are complementary not exclusive. Gold - publishing in a journal, paying a fee to the publisher to enable OA to your article and Green - publishing pre or post prints on a repository (OA self archiving).

For more information on OA look at Peter Subers Open Access Overview, the Open Access pages from Eprints (who also provide the software and support for BURO) and the Open Access Directory - a comprehensive resource on all aspects of Open Access.

If you want to get involved with OA, add a pre or postprint to BURO, you need to check your publishers policies on OA on the SHERPA/RoMEO website which expalins what publishers will or will not allow. You can also write to publishers to request permission to include material on BURO.


Wednesday, 25 February 2009

European digital library launched

Europeana, Europe’s multimedia online library is now available. It enables people around the world to access more than two million books, maps, recordings, photographs, archival documents, paintings and films online. These resources come from national libraries and cultural institutions of the European Union's 27 Member States.

Europeana was created by the European Commission in 2005 and is run by the European Digital Library Foundation. It is hosted by the Dutch national library, the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, and contains material from over 1,000 cultural organisations from across Europe. The Commission plans to invest €2 million per year of EU funding in Europeana over the next 2 years.